THE FROGGATT FAMILY OF BREWHOUSE YARD:

AN EXTRA-PAROCHIAL PLACE ADJOINING NOTTINGHAM CITY

(1797 – 1835)

This story starts with James FROGGATT, born in Clifton, Ashbourne Derbyshire in around 1725. James migrated towards Nottingham, settling at Brewhouse Yard some time before 1797, when his wife Ellen died. In 1798 he married the widow Ann REDGARD, also living at Brewhouse Yard. James had four children, three married at Brewhouse Yard, giving James at least 13 grandchildren and 23 great-grandchildren. With time I have identified at least 500 descendents over 10 generations. The tree is not complete, but is slowly being filled out:


                    Ellen                James                      Ann
                    PEACH======v=======FROGGATT============v======REDGARD
                  1724-1797  m:1763   1725-1808          m:1798  1741-1814
                               |                           |         
                               |   
    |-----------|--------------|----------------------------------------------------------------|
   Mary     Elizabeth        James                                                            Hannah
1764-1769     1767-       1770-1824                                                         1775-1852
    |           |              |                                                                |
              m:1803         m:1801                                                           m:1794
           John BARRATT     Mary LOWE                                                     Samuel GODKIN
                |          1774-1848                                                        1765-1828
                |              |                                                                |
          |-----|              |----------|---------|----------|----------|-----------|         |------------|--------|----------|----------|
        John   Jane          James       John     James     William     Edward       Mary   Elizabeth    Samuel     Henry      Hannah     George
       1804- 1805-         1802-1802  1803-1811 1805-1840  1807-1866   1810-1816  1812-1824 1795-1856   1797-1867 1805-1836  1810-1861  1814-1892
                               |          |         |          |           |          |         |           |         |          |          |
                                                  m:1833     m:1832                           m:1828      m:1821               m:1842     m:1841
                               James               Mary    Elizabeth                         Francis    Elizabeth              Edward   Elizabeth
                               ELLIOTT======v======HOPKIN     BOWLER                          WOLFE      REDGATE              ASLING     OAKLEY
                             1807-1881  m2:1844 1803-1844  1802-1883                        1805-1883   1801-1864            1813-1892  1818-1895
                                 |                  |          |                                |           |                    |          |
                                                    |          |                           5 children   7 children           4 children  5 children
                                                    |          |
                                                    |          |------------------------------------|------------------------------|-------------|------------|--------------------------------------|--------|
                                                    |          |                                    |                              |             |            |                                      |        |
                                                 Harriett     Mary                                 Anne                         William      Elizabeth      Sarah                                 Joseph    James
                                                  1836-   1833-1873                              1835-1866                     1837-1866     1840-1863    1842-1865                              1845-1917 1848-1868
                                                              |                                      |                             |             |            |                                      |         |
                                                            m:1854                                 m:1856                        m:1867                                                            m:1867
                                                              |                                      |                             |                                                                 |
                                                            William            Charlotte            Henry                         Sarah                                                          Elizabeth
                                                            CLARK======v========WRIGHT             CANTELO                      GOODLIFFE                                                         POUNDS
                                                          1830-1899  m:1872   1839-1922          1828-1912                     1839-1909                                                         1841-1888
                                                              |                   |                  |                             |                                                                 |
     |----------|-----------|-------------|--------|----------|         |---------|---------|        |-----------|--------|        |-------------------|---------|---------|---------|--------|      |
 Catherine   William       Mary        Francis   Albert     Walter   Margaret  Lottie    Helen      Henry      Anne    Sarah     William             James    Joseph   Gertrude  Elizabeth  Arnold   |
 1855-1941  1857-1927   1859-1930     1860-1953  1862-?   1865-1865 1874-1946 1875-1945 1895-1966 1857-1931   1860-? 1863-1866 1869-1946           1870-1905 1871-1871 1872-1873 1874-1921 1879-1879 |
     |          |           |             |        |          |         |         |         |         |         |        |         |---------|         |         |         |         |         |     |
   m:1894     m:1880                    m:1899                        m:1906              m:1920    m:1903    m:1890             m1:1896  m2:1910    m:1894                        m:1894            |
  George     Elisa                      Edith                         Henry               Joseph    Maria     Henry              Martha    Eliza     Louisa                       Frederick          |
ARMSTRONG    HAMEL                    McKINNON                      PROUDLOCK              BIRD    BEDFORD     COX               SHORT  GOLDSWORTHY  SHARP                         HOPE             |
1870-1945  1858-1932                 1876-1938                      1877-1953           1885-1952 1852-1913 1858-1890          1861-1932 1886-1954 1861-1932                     1869-1926           |
    |          |---------------|         |----------|---------|         |                   |         |         |                  |         |         |                             |               |
 Richard      Mary           Grace   Margaret     Mary    William   Margaret                                                       6         6                                                       |
1896-1942  1882-1923       1888-1976  1900-1901 1903-1998 1909-1931 1910-1990                                                                                                                        |
    |          |               |          |         |         |         |                                                                                              |---------|---------|---------|
  m:1927    m:1909           m:1919               m:1932              m:1962                                                                                         William Elizabeth   Harry   Florence    
 Lucille    James            Albert               William             Maurice                                                                                      1868-1868 1872-1939 1874-1956 1877-1954
  HARDY      SOAMES           HILL               SANDERSON            SEARLE                                                                                           |         |         |         |
 1900-?   1882-1923        1866-1935             1886-1966          1907-1983                                                                                                  m:1895    m:1906    m:1903
   |          |----------|     |                     |----------|       |                                                                                                      Ernest  Caroline    Thomas
 George    Laurence   Margaret                    Margaret    Moira                                                                                                           JARVILLE   WHYMAN    WARNER
 1936-?   1910-1983    1914-?                    1933-2021  1936-1990                                                                                                        1870-1930  1871-1953 1877-1952
   |          |          |--------|                  |          |                                                                                                      |---------|          |        |
            m:1933    m1:1937 m2:1955             m:         m:1966                                                                                                  Doris     Gladys    Bernard      
             Ivy      Oswald   Michael           Maurice      Rene                                                                                                 1896-1972 1897-1946  1908-1988
         BIRKINSHAW   SEWELL   VALENTE            MASAR     BENOITON                                                                                                   |         |          |
          1911-1975 1908-1972    |              1932-2018  1930-2015                                                                                                 m:1927               m:1940
              |         |        ?                  |          |                                                                                                     Robert               Eileen
              6         1                           4          2                                                                                                     SIKES                DIBLEY
                                                                                                                                                                   1896-1968             1918-
                                                                                                                                                                       |                    |         
                                                                                                                                                                                            1

(Note: you can read through each page, or you can follow the links for the people in the tree for more information on each one. There is a link at the bottom of each page to bring you back here!)

JAMES FROGGATT (1725-1808)

James FROGGATT was born in 1725 in Clifton, near Ashbourne and baptised at St Oswald's Church Ashbourne on 17 Nov 1725. Or that is the assumption of most researchers, despite the baptism being recorded as "John". In fact when this person married Ann Redgard in Nottingham in 1798 his name was recorded as "John" but he signed the register as "James" so perhaps he was baptised as John but was always known as James.


Baptism for John/James FROGGATT son of William FROGGATT of Clifton at Ashbourne St Oswald, Derbyshire.
Marriage to Ellen PEACH

James married Ellen PEACH at St Alkmund in Duffield on 17 November 1763. In the register (they both signed with their names so could write) the bride was recorded as "Helen" but signed as "Ellen". The Bishop's Transcript taken from the register shows Ellen. The marriage was by licence rather than by Banns. IF we have the correct James then he married on the same day as his baptism so was probably aged 38. Ellen was also born about 1725 (her death index in 1798 gives her age as 73) so was also aged 38. Aged 38 was unusually old for both parties, suggesting Ellen at least (and probably James as well) had been married before. Neither the parish register nor the Bishop's transcript indicate the status of the parties but the old IGI has a transcript showing "Helen PEAK" as widowed and aged 30.


Bishop's Transcript for the marriage for James FROGGATT and Ellen PEACH at Duffield, Derbyshire.

St Alkmund Duffield marriage register for James FROGGATT and Ellen PEACH.

They are known to have had 4 children, all baptised in Derbyshire:

Name Date of baptism Place Date of Death Place
Mary 16 Sept 1764 Duffield 16 March 1769 Wirksworth
Elizabeth 18 Sept 1767
14 Sept 1768
Duffield
Wirksworth
after 1803  
James 12 Sept 1770 Wirksworth 2 Jan 1824 Nottingham
Hannah 13 Sept 1775 Wirksworth after 1794  

1764 Baptism for Mary FROGGATT at Duffield, Derbyshire.

1769 Burial for Mary FROGGATT at Wirksworth, Derbyshire.

1767 Baptism for Elizabeth FROGGATT at Duffield, Derbyshire.

1770 Baptism for James FROGGATT at Wirksworth, Derbyshire.

1775 Baptism for Hannah FROGGATT at Wirksworth, Derbyshire.

James and Ellen moved from Duffield to Wirksworth sometime between September 1767 and September 1768 and moved on to Nottingham before November 1794 (when daughter Hannah married). Their earlier occupations are unknown but they were likely to have been agricultural workers and were drawn to Nottingham by the availability of employment as framework knitters.

Ellen Froggatt died in Nottingham and was buried on 31 August 1798 (or 1797 according to earlier researchers). The only transcript available is of the Nottingham Burial Index and this shows 1798, so either it or the earlier source was in error. The transcription gives her age as 73 so was born around 1725.

Marriage to Ann Redgard

The first record we have of a FROGGATT living at Brewhouse Yard is the marriage of James to Ann REDGARD at St Nicholas in Nottingham on 29 September 1798:

Marriage of William FROGGATT to Ann REDGARD 29 September 1798

John Froggatt & Ann Redgard both of Brewhouse Yard an extraparochial place adjoining this parish Were married in this Church by licence the twenty ninth Day of September in the Year 1798 by me Charles Joynes Rector.

This Marriage was solemnized between us
James Froggatt    Ann Redgard

In the Presence of Elizabeth Froggatt    X her mark

Wm Joynes

Both James and Ann signed their names, but the witness, Elizabeth Froggatt (James' daughter) signed with her mark although she was aged about 31.

Ann REDGARD had been resident at Brewhouse Yard for several years prior, being recorded as paying Land Taxes to Cornelius Launder (proprietor) of 5 shillings per year for 1791 to 1798. Ann was likely to have been a widow if she was the occupier and named as paying the tax. It would appear that after the marriage James Froggatt moved into Ann’s residence presumably with his children Elizabeth and James (Hannah having married Samuel GODKIN in 1794), for he is recorded as paying the land tax on the same residence in the following years. Although a James Froggatt is recorded as paying the tax from 1799 to 1819, James (I) died in 1808 and Ann in 1814, so we can conclude that James (II) lived at the same address and continued to pay the tax. In 1807 the property was described as “one dwellinghouse and garden”.

Badder & Peat map of Nottingham and Brewhouse Yard. The long building on the south side of the yard with the gardens behind was owned by Cornelius Launder and would have been where 4 generations of Froggatts resided from 1798 – c.1833: James & Ellen, James & Mary, William & Elizabeth and their children.

The Death and Will of James Froggatt

James Froggatt died in Nottingham on 20 November 1808. In his Will he left all his possessions, including 7 stocking frames to his wife Ann.

" This the last Will and Testament of me
James Froggatt of Brewhouse Yard in the County of
Nottingham, made this thirtyth day of October in
the year of our Lord One Thousand Eight hundred and
five viz. I give and bequeath unto my Wife
Ann Froggatt all my seven stocking frames together
with all my Money Securities for Money of what nature
or kind soever, also my household furnature (sic) and all
the Property I have or may become possessed of, for ever, and
finally I do hereby constite (?) and appoint my said wife
sole Executor of this my last will and testament, In
witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal
the day and year first above written
Signed sealed and delivered in the presence of us
J Jephson John Barratt James Froggatt

I do hereby certify that on the 15th day of April in the year of our
Lord 1809 Ann Froggat (sic) of Brewhouse Yard extraparochialy (sic) in the
County of Nottingham the widow relict and sole executrix named in
this the last Will and Testament of James Froggatt late of Brewhouse
Yard aforesaid in the Diocese of York Sawyer deceased was sworn
well and truly to execute and perform the same And that the whole
of the goods chattels and credits of the said deceased within the
Diocese of York do not amount in value to the sum of Twenty Pounds.
Witness my hand Charles Joyne Surrogate.
Pass’d 2nd May 1809"

The Will was witnessed by John Barratt, James' son-in-law who had married Elizabeth Froggatt in 1803 and who still lived close to Brewhouse Yard.

This Will left all of James' possessions to his second wife Ann (REDGARD) even though James' three offspring Elizabeth, James (II) and Hannah were still alive, and James (II) and family were living with James and Ann at Brewhouse Yard. The probate for the Will records James as a "sawyer" so he was trading in timber by the time of his death. The seven frames owned by James would have cost him at least £175 new or about £70 if second hand and would have brought him in about 7-10 shillings per week in rent at the end of the 18th Century. The fate of the seven knitting frames referred to in the Will is unknown but in 1812, soon after James died in 1808, large scale factory production was beginning to replace home-based framework knitters. I surmise that as the estate was valued at under £20, and James was a sawyer, then he had already sold the frames. Second-hand frames at this time were worth about £10 each.

A Note About Stocking Frames

The frame work knitters worked at home, having either a frame shop or workshop in the garden or a special room often on the top floor of the house with a special extra wide window to let in the maximum light for the stockinger to work. The yarn was supplied to the stockinger by the hosier who employed him. A careful check was kept on the amount of yarn used. The amount of yarn supplied and the finished articles would be weighed and any short fall had to be accounted for. One quarter of an ounce wastage was allowed on every pound of yarn. Stocking frames were expensive. In the years 1780 to 1810 a new frame cost from £25 to £50 depending on its size and quality. A second hand frame would have cost about £10. Wages during this time were about l5 shillings a week and only a few pence of this could be saved. It was therefore rare for a stockinger to own his own frame. Most frames were rented from the hosier for between 9d and 2 shillings a week.

By the time of the Restoration in 1660 knitting frames were in Leicester and many other villages. In the next 100 years, using the existing cottage industry set-up, Framework Knitting spread throughout the East Midlands. This period coincided with the Enclosure of much of the farmland and many people left agriculture to take up framework knitting. By the early 1800's, of the 45,000 Knitting Frames in the country, 90% were in the East Midlands. The making of long hose suited a family unit, the man did the knitting, the woman did the sewing up and the children wound the hanks of wool onto cones. The Knitting Frame, incorporating a seat and foot pedals, supports the metal knitting machine. A row of fixed hooked needles hold the knitting, whilst the operator works on the new row. On 19th century machines, five or six rows of knitting with 288 stitches to the row could be achieved in one minute.

By the 19th century, Derbyshire was concentrating on the production of silk garments, Nottinghamshire on cotton, such as Nottingham Lace, and Leicestershire on worsted, woollen garments. As the 19th century progressed trade slumped as fashions changed, long hose was no longer needed and gentlemen went into trousers, The factory system began to replace the cottage industry and machines were developed to use first steam, then electric power. By 1811, as the frameknitters of the Midlands were being forced to rent the frames they worked on by the manufactures, only a year later mass production was being introduced by the use of wide knitting frames.



The Children of James and Ellen FROGGATT

Elizabeth FROGGATT (1768 - ?)

Elizabeth FROGGATT was born in Duffield, Derbyshire in 1767, the second child of James and Ellen. She was baptised at Duffield St Alkmund in 18 September 1767. Shortly after this the family moved to Wirksworth and Elizabeth was again baptised by the local minister on 14 September 1768 (unless there were two James and Ellen Froggatt families in the area at this time.... which appears unlikely as there is no obvious marriage for another James and Ellen.)


Baptism for Elizabeth FROGGATT at Duffield St Alkmund on 18 September 1767.

Baptism for Elizabeth FROGGATT at Wirksworth on 14 September 1768.

Before 1794 the family had moved on to Nottingham and settled at Brewhouse Yard. Ellen died there in August 1798. By that date only their oldest daughter Elizabeth was unmarried.

Marriage of Elizabeth FROGGATT to John BARRATT

Elizabeth married John BARRATT at Nottingham St Nicholas on 26 December 1803. She aged 35. One of the witnesses was Hannah Godkin, Elizabeth's younger sister.

Marriage of Elizabeth FROGGATT to John BARRATT 26 December1803, both of Brewhouse Yard. Note the witness Hannah GODKIN was Elizabeth's sister.

"John Barratt &; Elizabeth Froggatt both of Brewhouse Yard an extraparochial place adjoining this parish
Were married in this Church by Banns the twenty sixth day of December in the Year 1803 by me Charles Joynes Rector

This Marriage was solemnized between us John Barratt Elizabeth Froggatt X her mark
In the Presence of Wm Porter
Hannah Godkin X her mark"

Elizabeth and John appear to have had only one child:

NameBirthDeath
Jane BARRATT 22 March 1805, Nottingham St Peter

After the birth of Jane the family seems to vanish from the records. It appears that Elizabeth and John had died before the 1841 census so it is difficult to determine where they lived, but Hodson’s 1814 Directory and Pigot’s Directories of 1815, 1819, 1822, 1828 & 1831 list a John Barratt as a Painter of High Pavement. Did they emigrate?


James FROGGATT (1770-1824)

The story of James Froggatt can be found here.


Hannah FROGGATT (1775 - 1852)

The story of Hannah and her marriage to Samuel GODKIN is here.


THE LAST FROGGATT OF BREWHOUSE YARD

The Froggatt family relationship with Brewhouse Yard came to an end with the death of Joseph Froggatt in 1917. This closed the history on four generations and 17 children who had lived or been born at BHY. Of those 17 children, 9 survived to adulthood but only 4 were male and who had offspring to continue the Froggatt name. Two of these were the youngest born at BHY (William and Joseph). William’s 2 surviving sons (William and James) emigrated to Australia with only William having children (14 in total) leaving Joseph’s son Harry Joseph Froggatt as the sole remaining Brewhouse Yard descendent bearing the FROGGATT name in England. And Harry died in 1956 without heirs.

William (1869-1947) had 14 children in Australia and New Zealand but only 5 were sons who reached adulthood. The oldest, Frank, was adopted early in his life and become known as Frank HUME the other 4 having 7 sons between them.


Back to Froggatt Family History

Last updated: 10 August 2022